25 Jul 2022
 | 25 Jul 2022

Earthquake forecasting model for Albania: the area source model and the smoothing model

Edlira Xhafaj, Chung-Han Chan, and Kuo-Fong Ma

Abstract. We proposed earthquake forecasting models for Albania, one of the most seismogenic regions in Europe, to give an overview of seismic activity by implementing area source and smoothing approaches. The earthquake catalog was firstly declustered to remove foreshocks and aftershocks when they are within the derived distance- and time-windows of mainshocks. Considering catalog completeness, the events with M≥4.0 during the period of 1960–2006 were implemented for the forecast model learning. The forecasting is implemented into an area source model that includes 20 sub-regions and a smoothing model with a cell size of 0.2° x 0.2° to forecast the seismicity in Albania. Both models show high seismic rate along the western coastline and at the southern part of the study area, consistent with previous studies which discussed seismicity in the area and currently active regions. To further validate the forecast performance from the two models, we introduced the Molchan diagram to quantify the correlation between models and observations. The Molchan diagram suggests that both models are significantly better than a random distribution, confirming their forecasting abilities. Our results provide crucial information for subsequent research on the seismic activity, such as probabilistic seismic hazard assessment.

Edlira Xhafaj et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-595', Anonymous Referee #1, 21 Sep 2022
    • CC1: 'Reply on RC1', Edlira Xhafaj, 11 Dec 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Chung-Han Chan, 19 Dec 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-595', Mohammad Mokhtari, 11 Dec 2022
    • CC2: 'Reply on RC2', Edlira Xhafaj, 12 Dec 2022
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Chung-Han Chan, 19 Dec 2022

Edlira Xhafaj et al.

Edlira Xhafaj et al.


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Short summary
It is necessary to know the earthquake occurrence for a country listed along the countries with the highest earthquake hazard, such as Albania. Thus, we proposed two earthquake forecasting models to present the seismicity activity, which consequently can be applied to evaluate potential seismicity hazard.