10 Aug 2022
10 Aug 2022
Status: this preprint is open for discussion and under review for Climate of the Past (CP).

Hydroclimate reconstruction during the last 1000 years inferred by mineralogical and geochemical composition of a sediment core from Lake-Azuei (Haiti)

David Noncent1,2, Abdelfettah Sifeddine1,2,3, Evens Emmanuel1,2, Marie-Helene Cormier4, Francisco J. Briceño-Zuluaga5, Mercedes Mendez-Milan2,3, Bruno Turcq2,3, Sandrine Caquineau2,3, Jorge Valdés6, Juan Pablo Bernal8, John W. King4, Irina Djouraev3, Fethiye Cetin3, and Heather Sloan7 David Noncent et al.
  • 1ERC2, Université de Quisqueya, 218 Ave Jean-Paul II, 6110 Port-au-Prince, Haïti
  • 2International Joint Research Laboratory CARIBACT. IRD-France and UEH-Haïti
  • 3LOCEAN, IPSL, IRD-Sorbonne Université-CNRS-MNHN, Centre IRD France Nord, 32 Av. Henri Varagnat, 93143 Bondy, France
  • 4University Rhode Island, GSO Narragansett, RI, USA
  • 5Faculty of Basic and Applied Sciences, New Granada Military University (UMNG), Bogotá, Colombia
  • 6Laboratorio de Sedimentología y Paleoambientes, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales A. v. Humboldt, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y de Recursos Biológicos, Universidad de Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile
  • 7Lehman College, City University of New York, NY, USA
  • 8Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Centro de Geociencias, Campus Juriquilla, 76001 Querétaro, QRO, México

Abstract. This study aims to reconstruct the hydro-climatic variations over the last 1000 yrs in Haiti using mineralogical and geochemical composition of well dated lacustrine sediment core retrieved from Lake Azuei. The results show changes in sedimentological processes linked to environmental and climatic variations. The general pattern suggests a wetter Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA), drier Little Ice Age (LIA), high climate variability during the MCA-LIA transition and more anthropogenic impacts that dominate natural climate during the Current Warm Period (CWP). The MCA period (~1000–1100 CE) thus appears marked by increase sedimentation rate supported by higher terrigenous input linked to erosive events and consequently increases in precipitation. During the LIA, particularly from ~1450 CE to 1600 CE, there is a great variation towards a decrease of terrigenous input, which is related to a decrease on sedimentation rate and increase Mg-calcite precipitation, suggesting less precipitation and high evaporation respectively during dry climate conditions. The MCA-LIA transition (~1200–1400 CE) is characterized by variations between terrigenous input, Mg-calcite neoformation and organic matter deposition, which indicate succession of dry and humid conditions. The CWP (1800–2000 CE) shows a progressive increase on sedimentation rate and decrease of grey level, which indicate more organic matter sedimentation as consequence of anthropogenic activities in the surrounding basin of the lake. High-resolution grey level analysis, which reflects principally variations in terrigenous input, carbonate mineral neoformation and organic matter deposition, shows that the AMO, NAO, PDO and ENSO are the principal modes affecting the hydro-climatic changes in Haiti during the last millennium. In addition, temporal correlation of other Caribbean paleoclimate records with our geochemical and mineralogical data, suggests that trends observed in Lake Azuei were controlled by regional climate, likely associated with shifts in the position of the ITCZ.

David Noncent et al.

Status: open (until 23 Oct 2022)

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  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-537', Anonymous Referee #1, 23 Sep 2022 reply

David Noncent et al.

David Noncent et al.


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Short summary
The objective of this study is to reconstruct the climatic variability in Haiti during the last millennium using mineralogical and geochemical composition. We also seek to understand climate mechanisms and modes that could explain this variability. The results showed that Haiti has experienced long progressively drier periods over the past millennium. The rainy or dry periods in Haiti are linked to the average changes in the temperature of the oceans: Atlantic and Pacific, through oscillations.