Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2022-274
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2022-274
18 May 2022
 | 18 May 2022

Improvement of the soil drainage simulation based on observations from lysimeters

Antoine Sobaga, Bertrand Decharme, Florence Habets, Christine Delire, Noële Enjelvin, Paul-Olivier Redon, Pierre Faure-Catteloin, and Patrick Le Moigne

Abstract. Soil drainage is the main source of groundwater recharge and river flow. It is therefore a key process for water resource management. In this study, we evaluate the soil drainage simulated by the Interaction-Soil-Biosphere-Atmosphere (ISBA) land surface model currently used for hydrological applications from the watershed scale to the global scale. This validation is done using seven lysimeters from two long term experiment sites measuring hourly water dynamics between 2009 and 2019 in northeastern France. These 2-meter deep lysimeters are filled with different soil types and are either maintained bare soil or covered with vegetation. The commonly used closed-form equations describing soil-water retention and conductivity curves from Brooks and Corey (1966) and van Genuchten (1980) are tested. The results indicate a good performance by the different experiments in terms of soil volumetric water content and water mass. The drained flow at the bottom of the lysimeter is well modeled using Brooks and Corey (1966) while some weaknesses appears with van Genuchten (1980) due to the complexity of its hydraulic conductivity function. Combining the soil-water curve of van Genuchten (1980) with the hydraulic conductivity function of Brooks and Corey (1966) allow to solve this problem and even to improve the simulation of the drainage dynamic, especially for intense drainage events. The study highlights the importance of the vertical heterogeneity of the soil hydrodynamic parameters to correctly simulate the drainage dynamic, as well as the primary influence of the n and b parameters which characterize the shape of the soil-water retention curve.

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Antoine Sobaga, Bertrand Decharme, Florence Habets, Christine Delire, Noële Enjelvin, Paul-Olivier Redon, Pierre Faure-Catteloin, and Patrick Le Moigne

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-274', Anonymous Referee #1, 07 Jun 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', antoine sobaga, 18 Sep 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-274', Anonymous Referee #2, 05 Aug 2022
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', antoine sobaga, 18 Sep 2022
  • RC3: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-274', Wolfgang Durner, 16 Aug 2022
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC3', antoine sobaga, 18 Sep 2022

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-274', Anonymous Referee #1, 07 Jun 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', antoine sobaga, 18 Sep 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-274', Anonymous Referee #2, 05 Aug 2022
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', antoine sobaga, 18 Sep 2022
  • RC3: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-274', Wolfgang Durner, 16 Aug 2022
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC3', antoine sobaga, 18 Sep 2022
Antoine Sobaga, Bertrand Decharme, Florence Habets, Christine Delire, Noële Enjelvin, Paul-Olivier Redon, Pierre Faure-Catteloin, and Patrick Le Moigne
Antoine Sobaga, Bertrand Decharme, Florence Habets, Christine Delire, Noële Enjelvin, Paul-Olivier Redon, Pierre Faure-Catteloin, and Patrick Le Moigne

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Short summary
Seven instrumented lysimeters are used to assess the simulation of the soil water dynamic in one land surface model. Three water potential and hydraulic conductivity closed-form equations including one mixed form are evaluated. The mixed form is more relevant to simulate drainage especially during intense drainage events. Soil profile heterogeneity of one parameter of the closed-form equations is shown to be important.