12 Dec 2022
12 Dec 2022
Status: this preprint is open for discussion.

Geometry and topology of Polish Outer Carpathian digital elevation model interpreted lineament network in context of regional tectonics

Maciej Kania and Mateusz Szczęch Maciej Kania and Mateusz Szczęch
  • Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Faculty of Geography and Geology, Institute of Geological Sciences, Gronostajowa 3a, 30-863 Kraków, Poland

Abstract. The Polish part of the Western Outer Carpathians lineament network was analysed based on the GMTED2010 digital elevation model. Lineaments were identified in the visual screening of the hillshade model. To the best of our knowledge, no one has studied the geometrical properties of the network with relation to the topological ones. The NetworkGT QGIS toolbox was applied to identify the nodes and branches of the network, as well as to calculate the topology parameters. Our aim was to find differences between the western and eastern parts of the Western Outer Carpathians; therefore, the analyses were carried out in six sectors chosen based on the geographical subdivision in the geological context: three in the north, mainly the Silesian unit; and three in the south, mainly the Magura unit. We found general agreement of the identified network with the photolineament map; however, some of the photolineaments are not confirmed by digital elevation model (DEM). We found that the topological parameters of the networks change from west to east, but not from north to south. There are areas of increased interconnectivity, especially the Nowy Sącz Basin, where the lineament network may reflect a complicated system of cross-cutting deep-rooted fault zones in the basement.

Maciej Kania and Mateusz Szczęch

Status: open (until 23 Feb 2023)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-1339', Fabrizio Balsamo, 16 Jan 2023 reply
  • RC2: 'Comment on egusphere-2022-1339', Jan Golonka, 26 Jan 2023 reply

Maciej Kania and Mateusz Szczęch

Maciej Kania and Mateusz Szczęch


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Short summary
The article presents analysis of linear features identifiable on the digital elevation model of ground surface in Polish Carpathians. We consider these linear features as reflections of geological structures, such as faults. Linear features create a network which was analysed using topology statistics. This allows us to interpret how the network is complicated in different parts of Polish Carpathians, as well as to understand how very deep fault systems affect on the morphology of the mountains.